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Diamond Facts

At Salera's our aim is to ensure that you find the diamond that is perfect for you.

 

Buying a diamond can be difficult and daunting task, there are so many qualities and shapes to choose from and it’s hard to know where to start. Our aim is to ensure that you find the diamond that is perfect for you. Our experienced consultants will take the time to explain all you need to know to make the right decision. 

 

 

The 4C’s

Diamonds are graded according to characteristics known as the 4C’s:

Carat

Colour

Clarity

Cut

In fact, the determination of the actual quality of the diamond may be far more complicated than simply looking at the 4C’s. An experienced professional can show you what out need and look for and what will make your diamond stand our from the rest.

 

 


 

 

CARAT

 

Diamonds are measured by weight, the term used to describe this weight is carat and it is abbreviated to ct.

A diamond with a carat weight of 1ct is equivalent to 200 milligrams, or 0.2g. This is a global standard for representing the mass of gemstones and pearls

 

 

COLOUR

 

We automatically think all diamonds are colourless or clear. In fact, most diamonds have a trace of yellow or brown in them, diamonds come in all colours, including black. It is this lack of colour that makes diamonds the most valuable and sought after.

The finest diamond colour is called a “D” colour, which means these diamonds are completely colourless or pure white. The further down the scale of colours, this pure whiteness decreases and more traces of colour appear. Salera's stock a large range of different coloured diamonds, ranging from D to TLB (Brown).

 

 

CLARITY

 

Clarity refers to the amount (or lack of) natural features a diamond possesses.  These are called inclusions. Inclusions are generally caused whilst the diamond is forming due to extreme heat or pressure, they can be as simple as a crystal trapped within a diamond or carbon spots etc.  Except for in extreme cases, inclusions will not weaken a diamond in any way and they do not change over time, an inclusion will always be the same, they will not grow larger or shrink.

 

 

CUT

 

The cut of a diamond must not be confused with its shape.  When we a talking about the quality of a cut in a stone, we are referring to the proportions of the diamond.

It is the cut, more than any other characteristic that gives a diamond its sparkle.

A well proportioned stone will dramatically influence the amount of fire (fire is the rainbow flashes of light reflected within the stone) as well as its brilliance (its brightness). A poorly cut diamond can look dull, lifeless or too small for its carat weight.  A well cut diamond attracts a slightly higher price. A well cut diamond should allow light to enter the stone and reflect from one facet to the other and then disperse through the top of the stone.

 

 

SHAPE

 

Not to be confused with the cut of a diamond, shape is purely a personal choice.  Although traditionally the round brilliant cut was the most popular and still is, people are beginning to curb their interests into different shaped diamonds. There is no such thing as one shape being better than another, it¹s just a matter of what shape is more appealing to the Individuals taste.

 

 

FANCY COLOUR DIAMONDS

 

Salera's Jewellers stock an extensive range of natural coloured diamonds. Natural Pink, Natural Yellow, Champagne and Cognac diamonds are beautifully showcased in elegant 18ct gold pieces of jewellery.

All items are locally handcrafted in your chosen design or let us design a unique piece to your specifications.